Unter dieser Rubrik möchten wir im Folgenden unterschiedliche Arbeitsergebnisse aus dem Projektkurs Europa veröffentlichen. Einige Texte – wie auch der folgende – werden auf Englisch sein, damit unsere Comenius-Partner uns auch verstehen, denn wie ihr wisst, ist Englisch unsere Verkehrssprache. Es erwarten euch weitere Berichte über ein Kunstwerk, über unseren Aufenthalt in Barcelona und seine Arbeitsergebnisse und über die Frage „Wie verändert mich ein Austausch?“. Seid gespannt. Der folgende Bericht von Tobias Grischkat handelt von Jugendarbeitslosigkeit in Europa. Ein Thema, das uns alle, mindestens indirekt, angeht – die ersten 5000 spanischen Jugendlichen wurden ja erst diese Woche von unserer Arbeitsministerin nach Deutschland zur Ausbildung eingeladen. Also auf ans Lesen und sorgt für eine bessere Welt!
Youth unemployment in the European Union
The following text is about youth unemployment in the European Union. This text will feature some important facts on the unemployment of young people in the European Union, causes and consequences as well as some projects designed to fight these problems.
The term „youth unemployment “ has become a quite commonly used term. Nowadays we are faced with the problem on TV, on the radio or in newspapers. We define unemployment as: “too many job seekers – too few jobs.“
There are a lot of different types of unemployment. The most important ones are: seasonal, cyclical, structural and long-term unemployment.
According to a survey of the United Nations on the reasons for youth unemployment it is the current economic crisis in the EU that is responsible for the problem. In other countries, particularly in the Third World, structural reasons are to blame.
Southern European countries like Spain, Italy, Portugal or Greece suffer from
the crisis, because their tourism industry has collapsed. In Greece for example, the tourism industry accounts for one fifth of the total state revenue and 700,000 jobs depend on it.
Furthermore, employers prefer older workers, in times of crisis, because of their experience. Thus, younger workers are disadvantaged and for them it is more difficult to get jobs.
Nearly all European countries are export-oriented and due to the crisis, the situation is geting worse because export figures are decreasing. This development has also been caused by globalization. These countries for example are lacking a strongly export-oriented car industry, which promises high export rates and lots of jobs.
One consequence of the crisis can already be seen today. After three years of falling crime rates, for example in Italy, the rate has been rising again since 2011. Assaults and residence burglaries have increased the most. Most offenders were males between the age of 15 and 25.
In fact, there are no real plans against the unemployment of young people. Meanwhile, a lot of politicians are dealing with this problem. They are making plans for ‘teenager guaranteed’ regulations. Politicians want to make sure that no youth under 25 years will be without a job for more than four months.
In practice that means that after leaving school or after the loss of a job every teenager should be offered an apprenticeship or at least a traineeship within this time period.
Another possibility for the young people concerned is to migrate to Germany, the Netherlands or Scandinavia. There are a lot of jobs for well-trained workers and the payment is good in comparison to Spain, Italy or Greece.